1. A constant force acts on an object of mass 5 kg for a duration of 2 s. It increases the object’s velocity from 3 m/s to 7 m/s. Find the magnitude of the applied force. Now, if the force was applied for a duration of 5 s, what would be the final velocity of the object?
2. Which would require a greater force – accelerating a 2 kg mass at 5 m/s² or a 4 kg mass at 2 m/s²?
3. A motorcar is moving with a velocity of 108 km/h and it takes 4 s to stop after the brakes are applied. Calculate the force exerted by the brakes on the motorcar if its mass along with the passengers is 1000 kg.
4. A body of mass 1 kg undergoes a change of velocity of 4m/s in 4s what is the force acting on it?
5. A driver accelerates his car first at the rate of 4 m/s² and then at the rate of 8 m/s². Calculate the ratio of the forces exerted by the engines?
6. A cricket ball of mass 0.20 kg is moving with a velocity of 1.2 m/s. Find the impulse on the ball and average force applied by the player if he is able to stop the ball in 0.10 s?
7. Two objects of masses of 100 gm and 200 gm are moving in along the same line and direction with velocities of 2 m/s and 1 m/s respectively. They collide and after the collision, the first object moves at a velocity of 1.67 m/s. Determine the velocity of the second object?
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8. An object of mass 1 kg traveling in a straight line with a velocity of 10 m/s collides with and sticks to a stationary wooden block of mass 5 kg. Then they both move off together in the same straight line. Calculate the total momentum just before the impact and just after the impact. Also, calculate the velocity of the combined object.
9. A man weighing 60 kg runs along the rails with a velocity of 18 km/h and jumps into a car of mass 1 quintal (100 kg) standing on the rails. Calculate the velocity with which the car will start traveling along the rails.
10. A boy of mass 50 kg running 5 m/s jumps on to a 20 kg trolley traveling in the same direction at 1.5 m/s. Find their common velocity.
Solution and Explanation
Check out the Solution and Explanation of Force and Laws of Motion Numericals Class 9
Solution and Explanation
F = m(v-u)/t
Substitution of values in this relation gives F = 10 N
Final velocity can be calculated by
v= u+at = 13 m/s.
Use F = ma, and solve it
Initial velocity- 108 km/h = 30 m/s, Final Velocity = 0 m/s
Use Eq. of motion and find a = -30/4 = -7.5 m/s2
Now, F = ma
Solve and get F = -7500 N (-ve sign means, force by brakes applied is opposite of the direction of motion)
Δv= 4m/s, t= 4 s, m=1kg
Acceleration is given by, a= Δv/t
a= 1 m/s2
Now force is given by
F= 1 N
F1=ma1 and F2= ma2
So, Ratio of force exerted is given by = F1/F2= ma1/ma2 = a1/a2=1:2
Impulse= Change in momentum
I = Δp = mΔv = 0.12 kgm/s
Also, Impulse = F×t
Put value of t and get Force.
By the law of conservation of momentum,
m1u1+m2u2 = m1v2+m2v2
On substituting the values
Or, v2=1.165 m/s
It will move in the same direction after the collision
p1=10 kgm/s = 10 kgm/s
Now after the collision, they stick together to move with velocity V
p2= (m1+m2)V = 6V
Now As per law of conservation of Momentum as External force is absent
Initial Momentum = Final Momentum
p1 = p2
10 = 6V
Now p2 = 6V = 10 kgm/s
Here m= 60 kg, u1= 18 km/hr = 5 m/s, M=100 kg, u2=0
Let v be the velocity with car start travelling
mu1+Mu2 = (M+m)v
60×5 = 160v
v = 1.875 m/s
Here m = 50 kg, u1 = 5m/s, M = 20 kg, u2 = 1.5m/s
mu1 + Mu2 = (M+m)v
or v = 4 m/s
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